Justify the Study of Philosophy, Metaphysics, Epistemology and Axiology in an Education Programme
Why Study Philosophy?
Philosophy means “love of wisdom” which translates as love of knowledge. It is the mother of all disciplines. The methods of philosophy – speculative, prescriptive and analytical – are, till today, very useful in the search for truth and “good life”. For a teacher, it is important to study philosophy because an understanding of philosophical procedures can aid in the understanding of educational problems.
Philosophy encourages individual thinking. This approach has potential to promote initiative and active citizenship. This will benefit society generally. Teaching philosophy to student teachers will bring the following benefits:
It will reveal to teachers how little they know, thus serving as an impetus and challenge.
- It will enrich student teachers so they can contribute to policy issues of their society.
- It will make student teachers more intellectual.
- It will help in greater understanding and appreciation of the aims and objectives of education.
- It will support the development of a critical mind:
- Teachers need to study philosophy and apply it to educational problems in order to further human welfare and to make their work more successful.
- Education is about life. The ways of life are formulated by philosophy and religion. Philosophy is therefore an integral part of education.
- The rationale or justification of a good curriculum is based on philosophical assumptions, nature of the child and nature of the subject matter.
- Philosophy helps in defining aims and objectives of education by explicitly analyzing the implications, meanings and values of such aims and objectives
- Subjecting educational issues to philosophical analysis (What is education? What is education to accomplish? By what means can education accomplish its objectives?) will make inquiry into the nature of knowledge and nature of goodness possible.
Why Study Metaphysics in Education Programme?
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with what comes after nature. It is deeply concerned with science, theory of learning and knowledge. It also deals with the theory of the universe, man’s existence in the universe, and the order of the sun, moon and whatever exists in the universe. In short, it is concerned with BEING and REALITY. Its branches are:
The justifications of including metaphysics in an education programme are as follows:
- Metaphysics is concerned with knowledge, which is the stock-in-trade of education.
- Teachers need to have a deep appreciation of the differing world-views of learners under them. Metaphysics is a good introduction to this.
Why Study Epistomology in an Education Programme?
Epistomology is the study of knowledge and knowing. It can also be said to be the study of knowledge and truth. The justifications for including this branch of philosophy in an education programme are, perhaps, obvious.
- The province of education is concerned with imparting of knowledge. Teachers need to be clear about the type of knowledge they are imparting and its sources.
- If we accept that the central role of the teachers is to impart knowledge, there will be the logical concern about methods of performing this central task.
- Teachers impart different types of knowledge depending on their own specializations or field of knowledge. It is important for teachers to be aware of the ways of knowing (cognitions) in their various disciplines and topics within such disciplines.
- Epistomology is concerned with the different ways of attaining knowledge such as through logic.
- Epistomology is important in finding ways of validating knowledge such as critical thinking.
Why Study Axiology in an Education Programme
Axiology is the study of values. It is the science of value, a value study in religion, tradition, etc, and the study of what is good or bad. It has two branches:
a. Ethics – Concerned with what is good or bad in human conduct.
b. Aesthetics – Concerned with what is good or beautiful in nature and art.
The justifications of including axiology in an education programme include:
a. Knowledge of ethics helps our conduct in considering others in the society.
- Knowledge of ethics help us to rationalize our wants, desires and wishes with what is good conduct in given situations involving choice of lines of action.
- Education is one of the things valued by society as it helps man to attain better position in society and to attain good life.
Aesthetics helps man to appreciate the beauty of nature and art. A study of axiology (aesthetics in particular) helps in improving man’s quality of perception, thus, improving his sense of appreciation of beauty.
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